By now almost everybody must know about the coronavirus, which is spreading around the world and has reached many countries in almost every single region. This is pretty scary stuff and has to be addressed quickly
The coronavirus is a highly infectious disease which is a newly discovered illness from the coronaviruses 2019 coded (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome also known as (SARS) or ( COVID 2).
The first case was reported in Wuhan, the largest city in central China in early December 2019, and on 30 January 2020, the Chinese health agencies immediately issued a public health emergency which was of international concern. On the 11th of March 2020 due to its fast spread internationally, the World Health Organization (W.H.O) recognized it as a pandemic.
Today the virus has impacted more than 210 countries in the world. Putting billions of lives at risk and more than 2.21 million infections have been reported resulting in more than 151,000 deaths. The only positive aspect of the coronavirus pandemic so far is that approximately 565,000 cases that initially tested positive for the disease have been reported to have recovered.
COVID 19 affects different people in different ways. Since its a respiratory disease, infected persons might develop and experience mild to moderate symptoms. Some even recover without requiring the need for specialized treatment. It has also been discovered that people with underlying medical conditions and those aged 60 and above have a higher risk of the virus developing into a severe disease and even death. Some of the common symptoms include; fever, dry cough, tiredness, sore throat, shortness of breath, aches and pains and few cases might even report running noses, nausea or even diarrhea.
The primal spread of the disease is between people in relatively close contact. Most often via small droplets produced by coughing, sneezing or simply by just talking. The droplets are not infectious over long distances, but rather from being breathed out, they fall to the ground or onto surfaces where people get infected by touching the contaminated surfaces and then touching their eyes, mouth or nose.
Medical experts have confirmed that the virus can survive on contaminated surfaces for up to 72 hours after initial contact from an infected person. This makes it more contagious in its primal stages during the first three days after the onset of its symptoms. The spread may be possible before much of its symptoms appear and in some cases even during the late stages of the disease.
Wuhan city is a major herb for travel and since it was just about 2 weeks to the new year, people had already converged in massive numbers. After the disease rose rapidly in the central China city which is home to about 11 million people, officials around the country worked tirelessly to contain the spread and reduce the risk of more infections.
Concerns grew about the ability to contain the virus since millions of people had traveled across the whole city via a high-speed rail service that connects Wuhan city with other major Chinese cities. Also via its international airport which connects more than 30 major cities around the globe.
After the first patient in Wuhan began showing symptoms of viral pneumonia, throughout the whole month, multiple series of patients also started showing symptoms of pneumonia cases of an unknown cause. At this point, no travel ban had been put in place nor quarantine orders issued since the cases were still under investigation. But by this time, people had already mingled in schools, workplaces, markets and even airports thus instigating the spread of the virus outside Wuhan`s borders.
By the time the W.H.O recognized it as a pandemic, it was too late. The disease was out there, spreading like a wildfire around the globe via airplanes, trains and ships.
Effects To Society
COVID 19 has brought the whole world to a complete halt. In efforts to reduce the spread, Governments have shut their borders and imposed lockdowns in their cities affecting closure of not all but some jobs, businesses, learning institutions and many social activities including all major indoor and outdoor sporting events.
Ways to Avoid Spread and Contamination
In light of all these events, there are things that we can all do to protect ourselves and others not to get ill. Below are a few examples of how to go about it.
- Stay at home if you feel unwell or show any signs of respiratory symptoms, for example, coughs or flu, you`ll probably feel the need to rush to the hospital to get checked out. Please avoid this at all costs, stay at home and ring 111 in the UK, you will be contacted and told exactly what to do next.
- Practice social distancing by avoiding large gatherings and unnecessary travels, if you necessarily have to be out there, maintain a distance of at least 6 meters s from the next person.
- Personal hygiene can help contain the spread of the virus, wash hands regularly with water and soap for about 20 seconds, if you cant wash your hands, clean them with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
- If you suspect that you may be infected, isolate yourself to protect other people from infection. Isolation is a form of quarantine, that can be done from 4 to 14 days depending on the severity of the symptoms.
- When coughing or sneezing, make sure to cover your mouth and nose and void touching your face or other peoples faces.
- When outside, it’s advisable to wear a mask, you might be coughing and sneezing and pass out the droplets unknowingly. The mask is extremely important for people providing care of COVID 19 patients or anybody at home looking after people with suspected symptoms.
- Refrain from drinking or smoking and other activities which can weaken the lungs.